Chart and Visualization

All articles related to charts and visualization will be tagged here.

What is a thermometer chart: How to create it chart in Excel

What is a thermometer chart?

A thermometer chart is a visualization technique that is used to show a single parameter against the predefined target. This chart looks like a thermometer due to this it is called a thermometer chart. The filled part goes up as the achievement increase. It shows the percentage of achievement done. It is not an in-built chart in excel though we will create it by column chart.

How to create a thermometer chart in Excel

To create a thermometer chart in excel we first need to arrange our data in a particular format as motioned in the below image.

What is a thermometer chart?
What is a thermometer chart

Now after selecting our data we will go to Insert Tab InsertContinue Reading

Funnel Chart: How to Create a funnel chart in excel to visualize your data flow

Funnel Chart

Funnel Chart is a special kindly of chart which is used to visualize the progressive reduction of data when it passed from one process to another. Data in each process is represented as a different portion of 100%. There is multiple kind of analysis where it is required like the admission process for a course, recruitment funnel, product sales, etc. The values in each process are gradually decreasing.

How to create Funnel Chart in excel

First and foremost we will arrange our data in descending order. Then we will go to Insert tab Insert Waterfall, Funnel, Stock, Surface, or Radar Chart Funnel.

What is a Funnel Chart
Funnel_ Chart

After clicking the Funnel option we will get it as below.

how to use Funnel_Chart in excel
Funnel_ Chart
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Waterfall Chart: How to create Waterfall Chart in excel

Waterfall Chart: How to create Waterfall Chart in excel

A waterfall chart is also known as a bridge chart or cascade chart is a special visualization tool that helps in understanding the cumulative impact of a series of positive and negative values. In other words, it is a very good tool to visualize starting value, the positive and negative value, and the final value. So we can say that the Waterfall chart has the first column as starting value, the last column as the Ending value, and all floating columns between them are contributing to positive and negative values. Majorly it is being used for financial data.

How to create Waterfall Chart in excel

To create waterfall chart in excel … Continue Reading

What is a scatter plot: How to read it and method to create it in excel

What is a scatter plot?

Scatter plots also known as scatter charts and scatter diagrams used to show relationships between two variables and the relationship between two variables is called their correlation. It’s a 2-D plot and it plots data points on a horizontal and a vertical axis to show how much one variable is affected by another. In the scatter plot, all data points are represented by dots in the plot.

If the points are close to making a straight line in the plot then it is considered as highly correlated variables. While if they are equally distributed all over the plot then their correlation is weak or zero.

When to use scatter diagram

When we have a … Continue Reading

How to Use Radar Chart for Competitive Analysis?

How to Use Radar Chart

What is Radar Chart

Radar charts are also known as web or spider charts are used to visualize multivariate(more than 2 variables) data. A radar chart is used to plot one or more groups of values over multiple common variables represented on axes starting from the same point. Each variable has its own axis, all axes are joined in the center of the chart.

When to use Radar Chart

We can use Radar chart in the following situations

  • When we have to compare two or more variables.
  • When our decision is based on a data-driven method,
  • When we wanted to understand a concept and how its value is changed over different parameters.

How to createContinue Reading

Understanding and interpreting boxplots: How to create them in Excel

Understanding and interpreting boxplots

What is boxplot

Boxplot also known as box and whisker plot is used in explanatory data analysis. It is used to show the variance and central tendency of any data set. By this, we can visually represent the distribution of data in a dataset. It also helps in comparing two or more sets of data.

How box plots look like

Box plot is a standardized way of showing distribution of data on the basis of five number summary.

Understanding and interpreting boxplots
Box plot structure

PS: Above image is taken from

In the above image, we can see the five summaries as the minimum(min), Q1(lower quartile), median(Q2), Q3(upper quartile), and maximum(max). We also see min and Q1 are connected … Continue Reading

How to create a Pareto Chart in Excel – 80/20 Rule or Pareto Principle

How to create a Pareto Chart in Excel

Pareto Chart is the presentation of Pareto principles also known as 80/20 rules, the law of the vital few, or the principle of factor sparsity is used in statistics and quality control. This principle explains 80% of the consequences come from 20% of the causes( the vital few). This 80/20 proportion can be changed in practical life based on the actual requirement. Examples of the Pareto principle is given below:

  • 80% money earned by 20% of people.
  • top 20% reported bug causes 80% system crash
  • 20% of drivers cause 80% of all traffic accidents.
  • 80% of the pollution originates from 20% of all factories.
  • 20% products of a company generate 80% revenue.
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What is Histogram : How to create it in excel by 2 different ways

What is Histogram

Histogram is a chart that helps us discover and present continuous data basis frequency distribution. It is sort of bar chart just the major difference is that histogram used to show frequency of data in the data set which has been divided in classes also known as bin.

Histogram also helps us to find underlying distribution of data, outliers, skewness and kurtosis. It helps us to check how the output of a process looks like, is process able to meet customers requirement and many more other thing.

How to create Histogram in excel

I will explain 2 methods of creating Histogram in excel

  1. by creating frequency table
  2. by excel inbuilt histogram chart

By creating frequency table:

We … Continue Reading

Bubble Chart: How to create it in excel

Bubble Chart

Bubble chart in excel is a variation of scatter plot. In scatter plot we use points for representation while in bubble chart data points represented by bubble. Like scatter plot, bubble plot is also not using category value as axis. We will use Bubble chart when we have at least three or more sets of data to represent in the chart. Out of these three dataset, two will be representing as X and Y axis while the third data point represented by the size of bubble.

There are two types of Bubble chart available in excel 1)Bubble and 2) 3-D Bubble.

How to create Bubble Chart in Excel

Like other charts after selecting our data we will go … Continue Reading

What is Sunburst and Treemaps charts: How to create these 2 in excel

What is Sunburst and Treemaps charts

Sunburst and Treemaps charts are hierarchical charts which is used to show multi level variable values. We will be using this chart type to compare parts to a whole, or when several columns of categories form a hierarchy. Let us take an example of Olympics to understand this. We got data of matches participated in Olympics by different countries for different categories of games. We can see the data in the below image.

What is Sunburst and Treemaps charts
Hierarchical data

From the above data set if we want to plot bar chart, Line chart or pie chart then chart will not show complete data by any of the charts.

Treemaps chart in excel
Other charts to represent hierarchical data

To overcome this problem … Continue Reading